What is ranked choice voting?


Ranked-choice voting (RCV) is an election method that allows voters the option to rank candidates in order of preference (first choice, second choice, third choice, and so on).  Ranking candidates is different from simply selecting one candidate or what is known as plurality voting. In an RCV election if a candidate receives more than half of the first choices, that candidate wins, just like in any other election. However, if there is no majority winner who receives more than 50% of the votes then after counting the first choices, the race is decided by an instant runoff. The candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated, and voters who ranked that candidate as their first choice will have their votes count for their next choice. This process continues until there is a majority winner with more than half of the votes.